Born Alessandro di Filipepi in Florence, Botticelli began studying painting in the studio of Fra Filippo Lippi. Like Lippi, Botticelli was accomplished at both frescoes and panel paintings. The artistís art, prints and posters reflect a thorough knowledge of classical works and were revered for their combination of contemporary Florentine style and Classical prototypes.
Throughout his lifetime, Botticelli was held in high esteem and enjoyed the patronage of the powerful Medici court, the ruling family of Florence. The Medici interests in Platonic philosophy and classical themes provided an opportunity for Botticelli to explore mythological subjects as well as traditional religious themes in his art, prints and posters. The artistís innovative interpretations of both religious and mythological subjects reflect a level of sophistication that far exceeded his peers. One of Botticelliís most innovative contributions was depicting his subjects, whether religious or mythological, in the contemporary costume of the Florentine court. His famed Birth of Venus, defined by the artistís expressive, lyrical line, set the standard for Renaissance beauty. While overshadowed by Leonardo and Michelangelo, Botticelli is credited with many of the stylistic innovations that presage the startling developments of the High Renaissance.
After the Renaissance, Botticelliís reputation languished until his art, prints and posters were rediscovered in the late 19th century. It has since enjoyed resurgence in popularity and has claimed a prominent place in museums worldwide.