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Adam Mead
Glossary
A/P:
Artist Proof
Artist Proof:
These are prints outside the edition that are equal in quality to the edition and signed as Artist Proof or A/P. They are traditionally the property of the artist and usually limited to 10% of the numbered edition.
Cameo:
A detail image of another print.
Canvas Transfer:
A canvas transfer involves taking a paper print, adhering it to canvas, such that the canvas texture shows through the print. A canvas transfer does not have textured brushstrokes unless they are applied as a separate process.
C/E:
Conservation Edition
Chiarograph:
Chiarographs are a fusion of traditional print-making and digital technology. Each print has a part of an image that is repeated, the individual hand painting preparation results in a one of kind print. Thus, no two prints are identical.
CVS:
Canvas
Deckle:
The natural rough edge on a sheet of paper that is created as the water flows out of the pulp is known as the deckle. In handmade paper, it is the frame the holds the wire mesh and limits the size of the paper.
Diptych:
2 separate images printed individually or on one piece of paper
Edition:
The total number of copies that are signed and numbered. 1/300 to 300/300 as an example.
Gallery Wrapped:
Gallery wrap is a very popular modern style of displaying art over wooden bars. It is a stretched canvas that doesn't have any visible staples or nails holding the fabric to the wooden stretcher bars so the print could be hung unframed.
Giclee:
Giclee is derived from a French word meaning 'to squirt'. Giclees are produced using high tech inkjet printing, with 6 colors of ink. Giclees allow for much more accurate color than lithographs. Giclees are produced from digital images, without the need for negatives, as in lithography.
Gouttelette:
The Gouttelette Printing System is an exclusive process that uses advanced digital technology to create reproductions with the highest quality and fidelity. In French, "gouttelette" translates to "droplet".
G/P:
Gallery Proof
Hors d'Commerce:
A special, smaller edition of the print which is held closely by the publisher, artist, or gallery. These prints are sometimes given as gifts by the artist or used as samples to show at galleries. These prints are often valued as artist proofs or higher, since they are rarer. "Hors d'Commerce" is French for "out of trade" and is abbreviated to HC. HC proofs may or may not be signed by the artist.
Limited Edition Lithograph:
This is the same as the limited edition print. Virtually all reproductions are printed lithographically.
Lithography:
Printing technique in which the image areas on the lithographic stone or metal plate are chemically treated to except ink and repel water, while the non-image areas are treated to repl ink and retain water. Because the printing surface remains flat, lithography is sometimes referred to as a planographic technique.
Ltd.:
Limited
Museum Wrapped:
A museum wrap is when canvas is stretched over the stretcher bars and stapled on the back of the wrapped canvas. The sides of the canvas do not have any of the image showing. Generally the sides are white.
OE:
Open Edition
Posters:
Four color process lithographic reproduction of painting usually with type on or around the image to advertise an artist, show, or event.
P/P:
Publisher Proof
Printer Proof:
Prints outside the edition that are the property of the master printer.
R/E:
Renaissance Edition
Regiclee:
Paper has a texture (or tooth); canvas a weave. Rigiclee is a smooth surface, free of any pattern, which allows you to see colors, textures and details with a clarity never before possible in a fine art reproduction. Unlike canvases, which must be stretched, and paper prints, which must be protected with glass, a Rigiclee is ready to frame and enjoy. Nothing comes between you and your art. Rigiclees are borderless; dimensions indicate image size. Using the same inks that revolutionized the digital printing industry, a Rigiclee is durable and fade resistant, requiring only occasional dusting with a clean, dry cloth.
Remarque (REM):
Original or printed artwork accompanying a print. Most are done in the margin of the print, but some come as separate pieces.
Serigraphy:
Also referred to as silkscreen, screen printing. A stencil process that uses a fabric to support the stenciled image and ink is forced through the mesh with a squeegee on to a piece of paper or another substrate.
Silkscreen:
The early name for screen printing when natural silk fabric was used as the stencil support. The modern fabrics include polyester, nylon, and other blends. See also Serigraphy.
S/N:
Signed and numbered
S/O:
Signed only
Stone Lithgraphy:
An image is drawn or painted with a greasy substance on a lime stone slab. The stone is chemically treated to except water. The wet stone is inked with a roller and printed on a lithography press.
Triptych:
3 separate images printed individually or on one piece of paper